Lukianova IY, Kusnetsov AV, Biderman GF. Epidemiology of atrial fibrillation in the practice of an emergency physician (data from several regions of the Northwest Federal district). Juvenis scientia. 2020;6(4):48-56.
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION IN THE PRACTICE OF AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN (DATA FROM SEVERAL REGIONS OF THE NORTHWEST FEDERAL DISTRICT)
I. Y. Lukianova 1,2, A. V. Kusnetsov 3, G. F. Biderman 4
1 North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov
41 Kirochnaya St., 191015 Saint Petersburg, Russia
2 Saint Petersburg State University
7-9 Universitetskaya Emb., 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia
3 City Outpatient Clinic No. 8
45 Novoselov St., 193315 Saint Petersburg, Russia
4 City Hospital No. 40
9 Borisova St., 197706 Sestroretsk, Russia
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart rhythm disorder with clinical and social significance. The expected increase in the incidence of AF and the high financial costs that occur in the treatment of these patients require a more detailed study of the epidemiological situation on AF in our country. The article provides data on the appeal for emergency medical care (EMC) of patients with AF in St. Petersburg, Gatchina, Sestroretsk, Great Novgorod. The analysis revealed significant seasonal variations in the number of EMC calls: a decrease in the treatment of EMC patients with AF in the summer in St. Petersburg. Gender-age differences were revealed, the general increase in the circulation of elderly and senile women with AF for EMC in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region. In different regions of our country, there are significant differences in statistical accounting methods used in emergency medical facilities. However, in order to obtain full information on the spread of AF, it is advisable to develop uniform statistical methods of accounting (registers) for this group of patients.
Keywords: atrial fibrillation, pre-hospital stage, ambulance, emergency calls.